Complete tables of German noun declension - inflection of the noun: all forms of each case, number, gender through the main determiner der, die das
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<h1 itemprop="headline">noun declension - inflection of the noun: all forms of each case, number, gender through the main determiner der, die das</h1>
<h2 itemprop="headline">Learn German right here online, quick, easy and direct - how to decline ALL German noun types</h2>
<img src="../images/cat_gives_advice.png" width="799" height="531" alt="" border="0">
<p>Let's first start out slowly looking at the usage of the articles in general.</p>


<p>


The most important determiner (der Artikel) in German is the determiner der, die, das.


</p>



<table>

<tr>

<td>der</td>
<td>die</td>
<td>das</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>masculine</td>
<td>feminine</td>
<td>neuter</td>

</tr>

</table>

<p>
Another word for determiner is "article". This article is called the definite article. In this context
we have to mention that the indefinite article is the complementary article.
</p>



<table>

<tr>

<td>ein</td>
<td>eine</td>
<td>ein</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>masculine</td>
<td>feminine</td>
<td>neuter</td>
</tr>


</table>

<p>

And as we said, every German noun can be attributed only one single gender.

<i>Der Mann</i> for example is masculine (the man), so it can be also <i>ein Mann</i>, but never <i>eine Mann</i> which article is for feminine nouns.
<i>Frau</i> is feminine, so it has to be
<i>die Frau</i> or <i>eine Frau</i> (the woman), <i>Kind</i> is neuter gender, that becomes <i>das Kind</i> or <i>ein Kind</i> (the child).
The usage of these articles is basically the same in both English and German, but with slight differences. Abstract nouns for example used
in a totally abstract sense like
<i>die Zeit</i> (time), <i>die Liebe</i> (love), <i>der Tod</i> (death), <i>das Leben</i> (life) etc. don't conform with an article
in English, i.e. they are not used with an article, but they do conform with the definite
article in German: <i>die Zeit, die Liebe, der Tot, das Leben</i>. For example: <i>Das Leben ist schön. Life is beautiful.</i> I am mentioning this
because you will come across this usage of the "definite" article in a semantic context which is not at all definite. What can be more indefinite than
life itself? But in this context it is possible to use the definite article in German. When it is used thus, it refers to words in a general,
more or less philosophical and
highly abstract sense. This type of relationship can be paraphrased in the sense of "the love that we all know" or "the fear that we are
all aquainted with". This only serves as a hint as to how the Germans use the definite article sometimes. Generally, though, usage is similar
and the definite article will be positioned before definite nouns, which the speaker is familiar with or which the speaker
has already mentioned. For example:
</p>



<p>
In my garden I have an apple tree.
<br>
The tree already yields a lot of apples.
</p>

<p>
In meinem Garten habe ich einen Apfelbaum.
<br>Der Baum trägt schon viele Äpfel.
</p>

<p>
These sentences show how we use the articles. If something is not definite, i.e. not known (to the one listening), we use "a". If we are talking about something that has
already been mentioned we use "the" because then we are somewhat familiar with the object. And for each gender there is one complementing article, either
<i>der</i>, <i>die</i> or <i>das</i> (or <i>ein</i>, <i>eine</i>, <i>ein</i>). Which of these three we use depends on the gender of the noun.
</p>



<p>
The definite article <i>der</i>, <i>die</i>, <i>das</i> denotes a specific object (meaning animate "objects", too), for example:
<i>der Lehrer</i> (the teacher). This specific teacher is in a good mood today. He's got a long beard, wears green trousers and drives to school in a
yellow old beetle.
</p>


<p>
The indefinite article <i>ein</i>, <i>eine</i>, <i>ein</i> is used for a single entity representing a class of objects, i.e.
the article pertains to the class or the type of
object, and not the specific object itself. For this article to be able to be posited before a noun, this noun has to be countable, seen
as a single entity of which there are more, like for example the noun <i>der Apfel</i> (the apple). Saying for example, that you want an
apple is perfectly fine, because apples are countable. But to say "a sugar" is not possible as sugar is not countable.
In this case you can, like in English too, use units of measurement like <i>a packet of</i>, <i>a pound</i> or other indefinite determiners
that don't suggest that the object can be counted, like <i>etwas Zucker</i> (some sugar). Be careful with "etwas" which can only be used to
refer to nouns denoting an
indefinite quantity, whereas "some" (which seems to be the "translation" of <i>etwas</i>) can also be used with single countable units,
for example in the phrase <i>some apples</i>.
</p>


<p>Let's look at the plural:</p>

<p>
<table border="1">
<colgroup width="200" span="2">
</colgroup>
<tr>
<td> Singular</td>
<td> Plural</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td> der Lehrer</td>
<td> die Lehrer</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td> ein Lehrer</td>
<td> &empty; Lehrer</td>
</tr>
</table>
</p>


<p>Note that the plural of <i>ein Lehrer</i> is <i>Lehrer</i>.</p>











<p>Let's look at the relationship between <i>class</i> and <i>object</i>.</p>


<table border="1">
<colgroup width="200" span="3">
</colgroup>
<tr class="table">
<td>I.</td>
<td>Objekt</td>
<td>Klasse</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class="table">&nbsp; Singular</td>
<td>der Lehrer</td>
<td>ein Lehrer</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class="table">&nbsp; Plural</td>
<td>die Lehrer</td>
<td>&empty; Lehrer</td>
</tr>
</table>


<p>Uncountables are very special nouns because they have no plural:</p>






<p>Example: <i>das Öl</i> (the oil)</p>




<table border="1">
<colgroup width="200" span="3">
</colgroup>
<tr class="table">
<td>II.</td>
<td>Objekt</td>
<td>Klasse</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class="table">&nbsp; Singular</td>
<td>das &Ouml;l</td>
<td>&empty; &Ouml;l</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class="table">&nbsp; Plural</td>
<td>-</td>
<td>-</td>
</tr>
</table>














<h2>Die Deklination der Nomen - <a href="http://www.britannica.com/topic/inflection" target="_blank">inflection</a> of nouns</h2>






<p>Some basics of inflectional morphology:</p>



<p>
Capable of &raquo;inflection&laquo; means, that a word changes its form according to its context.
(For example <i>schön, schöner, schönen, schönem</i> etc.)
Not capable of &raquo;inflection&laquo; means that words cannot change in appearance
(like <i>in, an, auf, etwa, schon, und, weil</i>).
In old German the articles didn't play such an important role. New High German adopts the articles as the main method of
denoting case when referring to nouns.
</p>




<p>
I. Capable of &raquo;inflection&laquo;:
<ul>
<li>Artikel (determiners) like <i>der</i>, <i>ein</i>, <i>dieser</i>, <i>jener</i></li>
<li>Nomen (nouns) like <i>der Tag</i>, <i>der Fisch</i>, <i>der Pilz</i>, <i>der Stern</i>)</li>
<li>Adjektive (adjectives) like <i>sch&ouml;n</i>, <i>fein</i></li>
<li>Pronomen (pronouns) like <i>ich</i>, <i>du</i>, <i>er</i>, <i>sie</i>, <i>es</i></li>
<li>Verben (verbs) like <i>lachen</i>, <i>springen</i>, <i>spielen</i></li>
</ul>
</p>



<p>
II. Not capable of &raquo;inflection&laquo;:
<ul>
<li>Adverbien (adverbs) like <i>gestern</i>, <i>da</i>, <i>dort</i></li>
<li>Präpositionen (prepositions) like <i>in</i>, <i>an</i>, <i>auf</i>, <i>über</i>, <i>unter</i></li>
<li>Konjunktionen (conjunctions) like <i>und</i>, <i>weil</i></li>
<li>Partikel (particles) like <i>nur</i>, <i>schon</i>, <i>etwa</i>, <i>so</i></li>
</ul>
</p>


















<div style="border:solid; border-style:double; padding:10px;">To keep in mind:

<p>Einzahl, Latein: Singular</p>
<p>Mehrzahl, Latein: Plural</p>
<p>Geschlecht, Latein: Genus</p>
<p>Zahl, Anzahl, Latein: Numerus, Singular oder Plural</p>
<p>Infinitiv: die Grundform eines Verbs, z.B. &raquo;lachen&laquo;, the infinitive form </p>
<p>1. Artikelgruppe: der, m&auml;nnlich oder Maskulinum</p>
<p>Plural von Maskulinum: Maskulina</p>
<p>2. Artikelgruppe: die, weiblich oder Femininum</p>
<p>Plural von Femininum: Feminina</p>
<p>3. Artikelgruppe: das, s&auml;chlich oder Neutrum</p>
<p>Plural von Neutrum: Neutra</p>

</div>


<p>
Nouns are substantial, contrary to verbs (words expressing a time relationship and an action) they don't contain
any time label, it can be exemplified in the difference between the words &raquo;die Ladung&laquo; (noun) and &raquo;laden&laquo; (Verb).
Verbs can be transformed to function as nouns by positioning an article before them (for example <i>das Lachen</i>) and they loose the inherent denotation
of a certain limited time-span. No time-span is denoted by this noun, in fact it focuses on the auditive stimulus, not on the action.
</p>




<h3 class="Regel">1.1 Both plural and singular with -en, a handful, but important nouns</h3>



<p>Example: der Affe (the monkey)</p>




<table border="1">
<colgroup width="270" span="2">
</colgroup>

<tr class="table">
<td>&nbsp;<font color="#FF0000">der Affe</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;den Aff<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;dem Aff<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Singular&nbsp; </td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;des Aff<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Singular&nbsp; </td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Aff<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp; </td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Plural&nbsp; </td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Aff<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp; </td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Plural&nbsp; </td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;den Aff<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp; </td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Plural&nbsp; </td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Aff<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp; </td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Plural&nbsp; </td>
</tr>

</table>

<img src="../images/monkey.png" width="799" height="851" alt="" border="0">

<h3 class="Regel">1.2 Singular unvarying, Plural with -en, most feminine nouns</h3>

<p>Beispiel (example): die Frau</p>

<p>
<table border="1">
<colgroup width="270" span="2">
</colgroup>
<tr class="table">
<td>&nbsp;die Frau</td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Frau</td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Frau</td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Frau</td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Frau<font color="#FF0000">en</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Frau<font color="#FF0000">en</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;den Frau<font color="#FF0000">en</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Frau<font color="#FF0000">en</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

</table>
</p>








<h3 class="Regel">1.3 im Singular mit Genitiv-s, im Plural -en, a handful, but important nouns </h3>

<p>Beispiel: der See (the lake)</p>


<table border="1">
<colgroup width="270" span="2">
</colgroup>
<tr class="table">
<td>&nbsp;der See</td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;den See</td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;dem See</td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;des Sees</td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Se<font color="#FF0000">en</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Se<font color="#FF0000">en</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;den Se<font color="#FF0000">en</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Se<font color="#FF0000">en</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

</table>




<p>More on 1.3:</p>

<p>Maskulina: der See, der Dorn, der Bauer, der Mast, der Stachel, der Schmerz</p>

<p>Neutra: das Leid, das Hemd, das Bett, das Auge, das Ohr, das Herz</p>

<br />

<p>After <i>-el</i>, <i>-er</i> the <i>e</i> is dropped:
die Insel, die Nessel, die Feder, die Ader, die Feier, die Leier, die Mauer, die Steuer usw.
The Plural is: die Inseln, die Nesseln, die Federn, die Adern, die Feiern, die Leiern, die Mauern,
die Steuern.</p>



<br />

<p class="Regel">&raquo;Das Herz&laquo; (the heart) has got special forms:</p>




<table border="1">
<colgroup width="270" span="2">
</colgroup>
<tr class="table">
<td>&nbsp;das Herz</td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;das Herz</td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;dem Herz(en)</td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;des Herzens</td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Herz<font color="#FF0000">en</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Herz<font color="#FF0000">en</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;den Herz<font color="#FF0000">en</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Herz<font color="#FF0000">en</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

</table>






<p>Note on 1.1: A very important class. The nouns in this declension class are essential nouns of the German language, for
example <i>der Bär</i> (the bear),
<i>der Mensch</i> (the human being), <i>der Doktorand</i> (doctoral candidate) etc.
You won't hear <i>Menschen</i> in the singular very often these days. It is also called <i>N-Deklination</i>.
Like the Genitiv the N-Deklination, too, seems to fade.
Note on 1.2: Also one of the principal classes.</p>





<p>More on 1.1:</p>




<table border="1">
<colgroup width="270" span="4">
</colgroup>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Affe&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Barde&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Bote&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Bube&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der B&uuml;rge&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Buhle&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Drache&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Erbe&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Falke&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Fink&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Gatte&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Heide&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Held&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Hirte&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Junge&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Knabe&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Knappe&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Laie&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der L&ouml;we&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Neffe&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Rabe&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Riese&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der R&uuml;de&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Sch&uuml;tze&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Waise&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Zeuge&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Poet&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Mensch&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Statist&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der B&auml;r&nbsp;</td>

</tr>
</table>







<br />
<p>Weitere zu. 1.2:</p>



<table border="1">
<colgroup width="270" span="4">
</colgroup>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Amme&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Arbeit&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Bahre&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Beere&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Bitte&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Blume&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Bude&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Br&uuml;cke&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Decke&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Ehre&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Eiche&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Eile&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Kerze&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Eule&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Feige&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Frage&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Fichte&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Fliege&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Furche&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Gabe&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Galle&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Henne&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Halle&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Klage&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Klaue&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Krone&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Linde&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die M&uuml;hle&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Nase&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Nichte&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Note&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Pfeife&nbsp;</td>
</tr>
</table>





<h3 class="Regel">2.1 Plural mit -e </h3>

<p>Genitiv-s im Singular, Dativ-n im Plural</p>



<p>Beispiel: der Knecht (the servant in medieval times)</p>



<table border="1">
<colgroup width="270" span="2">
</colgroup>
<tr class="table">
<td>&nbsp;der Knecht</td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;den Knecht</td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;dem Knecht</td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;des Knechts</td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Knecht<font color="#FF0000">e</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Knecht<font color="#FF0000">e</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;den Knecht<font color="#FF0000">en</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Knecht<font color="#FF0000">e</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

</table>





<p>Beispiel: der Baum (mit Umlaut)</p>



<p><table border="1">
<colgroup width="270" span="2">
</colgroup>
<tr class="table">
<td>&nbsp;der Baum</td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;den Baum</td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;dem Baum</td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;des Baumes</td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die B&auml;um<font color="#FF0000">e</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die B&auml;um<font color="#FF0000">e</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;den B&auml;um<font color="#FF0000">en</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der B&auml;um<font color="#FF0000">e</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

</table>











<h3 class="Regel">2.2 Plural mit -e, feminine nouns, a handful but important</h3>

<p>Singular unvarying, Dativ-n im Plural</p>



<p>Beispiel: die Nuss</p>




<table border="1">
<colgroup width="270" span="2">
</colgroup>
<tr class="table">
<td>&nbsp;die Nuss</td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Nuss</td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Nuss</td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Nuss</td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Singular&nbsp;</font></td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die N<font color="#FF0000">&uuml;</font>ss<font color="#FF0000">e</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die N&uuml;ss<font color="#FF0000">e</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;den N&uuml;ss<font color="#FF0000">en</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der N&uuml;ss<font color="#FF0000">e</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

</table>


<p>Note on 2.1 and 2.2: Principal classes of New High German, due to their expressiveness according to
Jakob Grimm - he calls this class
&raquo;starke&laquo; Deklination (strong or major declension). Declension is the <a href="http://www.britannica.com/topic/inflection" target="_blank">inflection</a> of
nouns. (Conjugation is the inflection of verbs.)</p>
<p>Weitere zu 2.1:</p>




<table border="1">
<colgroup width="270" span="4">
</colgroup>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Aal&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Arm&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Berg&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Blitz&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Brief&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Dieb&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Dolch&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Feind&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Fisch&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Freund&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Hengst&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Herd&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Hirsch&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Hund&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Kern&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Krebs&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Krieg&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Laut&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Jahr&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Knie&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;das Bein&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Boot&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Blei&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Ding&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;das Meer&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Recht&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Rohr&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Schwein&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;das Seil&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Spiel&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Tier&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Schiff&nbsp;</td>
</tr>
</table>





<p>Weitere zu 2.2.: </p>

<table border="1">
<colgroup width="270" span="4">
</colgroup>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Angst&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Bank&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Braut&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Brust&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Faust&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Gans&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Gruft&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Hand&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Haut&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Kraft&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Kuh&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Kunst&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Laus&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Luft&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Lust&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Macht&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Magd&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Maus&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Nacht&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Naht&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Not&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Nuss&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Sau&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Schnur&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Wand&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;die Wurst&nbsp;</td>
</tr>


</table>





<h3 class="Regel">3. Singular mit Genitiv-s, Plural auf -er, Dativ-n im Plural</h3>




<p>Beispiel: das Kind</p>



<table border="1">
<colgroup width="270" span="2">
</colgroup>

<tr class="table">
<td>&nbsp;das Kind</td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;das Kind</td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;dem Kind</td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;des Kindes</td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Kind<font color="#FF0000">er</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Kind<font color="#FF0000">er</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;den Kind<font color="#FF0000">ern</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Kind<font color="#FF0000">er</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Plural</td>
</tr>

</table>






<table border="1">
<colgroup width="270" span="4">
</colgroup>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;das Amt&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Bad&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Band&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Bild&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;das Blatt&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Brett&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Buch&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Dach&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;das Ding&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Dorf&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Ei&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Fach&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;das Fass&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Feld&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Geld&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Glas&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;das Glied&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Grab&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Gras&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Gut&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;das Haupt&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Haus&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Holz&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Horn&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;das Huhn&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Kleid&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Korn&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Kraut&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;das Lamm&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Land&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Licht&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Lied&nbsp;</td>
</tr>


<tr>
<td>&nbsp;das Loch&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Maul&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Nest&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Rad&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;das Rind&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Schild&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Schloss&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Schwert&nbsp;</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>&nbsp;das Tal&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Tuch&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Volk&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;das Weib&nbsp;</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>&nbsp;das Wort&nbsp;</td>

</tr>
</table>




<h3 class="Regel">4.1 Plural same as Singular, Genitiv-s im Singular</h3>

<p>Beispiel: der Garten</p>





<table border="1">
<colgroup width="270" span="2">
</colgroup>
<tr class="table">
<td>&nbsp;der Garten</td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;den Garten</td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;dem Garten</td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;des Garten<font color="#FF0000">s</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die G&auml;rten</td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die G&auml;rten</td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;den G&auml;rten</td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der G&auml;rten</td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

</table>





<h3 class="Regel">4.2 Plural same as singular, Genitiv-s im Singular, Dativ-n im Plural</h3>

<p>Beispiel: der Adler</p>





<table border="1">
<colgroup width="270" span="2">
</colgroup>
<tr class="table">
<td>&nbsp;der Adler</td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;den Adler</td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;dem Adler</td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;des Adler<font color="#FF0000">s</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Adler</td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Adler</td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;den Adler<font color="#FF0000">n</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Adler</td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

</table>






<p>Zu 4.1:</p>
<table border="1">
<colgroup width="270" span="4">
</colgroup>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Balk<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Biss<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Bog<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Brat<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Brunn<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Daum<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Fels<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Galg<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Gart<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Hauf<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Hak<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Krag<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Kuch<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Mag<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Schlitt<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Schad<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Spat<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Tropf<font color="#FF0000">en</font>&nbsp;</td>

</tr>
</table>

<br />

<p>Zu 4.2:</p>

<table border="1">
<colgroup width="270" span="4">
</colgroup>
<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Adl<font color="#FF0000">er</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Kat<font color="#FF0000">er</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Vat<font color="#FF0000">er</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Eb<font color="#FF0000">er</font>&nbsp;</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Brud<font color="#FF0000">er</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Beng<font color="#FF0000">el</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Eng<font color="#FF0000">el</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Nag<font color="#FF0000">el</font>&nbsp;</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Steng<font color="#FF0000">el</font>&nbsp;</td>
<td>&nbsp;der Apf<font color="#FF0000">el</font>&nbsp;</td>

<td>&nbsp;der Stap<font color="#FF0000">el</font>&nbsp;</td>
</tr>
</table>



<p>
&raquo;Vater&laquo; wird im Plural umgelautet (die V&auml;ter, den V&auml;tern).
</p>


<h3 class="Regel">5. foreign words, Maskulina und Neutra, im
Plural: s, Genitiv-s im Singular</h3>



<p><font color="#FF0000">No Dativ-n in the plural. </font></p>


<p>Beispiel: das Baby</p>




<table border="1">
<colgroup width="270" span="2">
</colgroup>
<tr class="table">
<td>&nbsp;das Baby</td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;das Baby</td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;dem Baby</td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;des Babys</td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Baby<font color="#FF0000">s</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Baby<font color="#FF0000">s</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;den Baby<font color="#FF0000">s</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Baby<font color="#FF0000">s</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

</table>








<p class="Regel">Essential exception: <i>die Mutter</i></p>









<p><table border="1">
<colgroup width="270" span="2">
</colgroup>
<tr class="table">
<td>&nbsp;die Mutter</td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die Mutter</td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Mutter</td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der Mutter</td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Singular&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die M<font color="#FF0000">&uuml;</font>tter</td>
<td>&nbsp;Nominativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;die M&uuml;tter</td>
<td>&nbsp;Akkusativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;den M&uuml;tter<font color="#FF0000">n</font></td>
<td>&nbsp;Dativ Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>&nbsp;der M&uuml;tter</td>
<td>&nbsp;Genitiv Plural&nbsp;</td>
</tr>

</table></p>

<a href="http://www.primitivecode.com/index.php?topic=-German+course-part+3-on-German-verbs-tense-Partizip-Perfekt-starke-schwache+Verben-list-and-conjugation-">
&gt;&gt; continue</a>

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