German gender - total declension of all noun genders - Deklination von Nomen im Maskulinum, Femininum, Neutrum
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--><!-- German course -part 1d - German-online, quick, easy and direct - declension of nouns - what is that ? -->







<h1>Case - the bulk list</h1>
<h2>Declension of gender: Der, die, das</h2>
<h3>Der Genus - die Genera</h3>

<p>Let's take a closer look at some nouns. The following list you have to learn very well.</p>









<p class="kaestchen">Every noun
has got only one fixed determiner. "Tag" (day)
e.g. the determiner "der". In German determiner is called "der Artikel". This "Artikel" is also called Genus.</p>

<p>If we say that a word has got a specific "Artikel", we refer to the determiner of the subject case (Nominativ)
in the singular. The "Nominativ" means <i>denominative</i>. That is the term we find in dictionaries, e.g.
"Tag; der Tag; m.; Genitiv: des Tages;
Nom. Plural: die Tage".</p>



<p>But we are scientists here. And because this is so important, we want to look at it completely. Being exact, we find
that each noun is connected to not only one determiner, but one group. The three groups are "der, die, das". The
first group we are going to cover is "<i>der</i>".</p>





<h1>Die 1. Gruppe (1. group)<i> "der"</i>:</h1>


<table border="1">
<colgroup >
</colgroup>
<tr class="gelb">
<td>der</td>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="blau">
<td>den</td>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="organge">
<td>dem</td>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="lila">
<td>des</td>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
</table>




<table border="1">
<colgroup >
</colgroup>
<tr class="gelb">
<td>die</td>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="blau">
<td>die</td>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="organge">
<td>den</td>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="lila">
<td>der</td>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
</table>







<p>Kasus (case) von <i>"Tag"</i>:</p>

<table border="1">
<colgroup >
</colgroup>
<tr class="gelb">
<td>Tag</td>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="blau">
<td>Tag</td>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="organge">
<td>Tag</td>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="lila">
<td>Tages</td>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
</table>



<table border="1">
<colgroup >
</colgroup>
<tr class="gelb">
<td>Tage</td>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="blau">
<td>Tage</td>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="organge">
<td>Tagen</td>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="lila">
<td>Tage</td>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
</table>









<p>We now mark the noun with the group and get "der Tag".</p>

<table border="1">
<colgroup >
</colgroup>
<tr class="gelb">
<td>der Tag</td>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="blau">
<td>den Tag</td>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="organge">
<td>dem Tag</td>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="lila">
<td>des Tages</td>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
</table>



<table border="1">
<colgroup >
</colgroup>
<tr class="gelb">
<td>die Tage</td>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="blau">
<td>die Tage</td>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="organge">
<td>den Tagen</td>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="lila">
<td>der Tage</td>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
</table>







<h1>2. Gruppe (2. group)<i> "die"</i>:</h1>



<table border="1">
<colgroup >
</colgroup>
<tr class="gelb">
<td>die</td>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="blau">
<td>die</td>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="organge">
<td>der</td>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="lila">
<td>der</td>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
</table>





<table border="1">
<colgroup >
</colgroup>
<tr class="gelb">
<td>die</td>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="blau">
<td>die</td>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="organge">
<td>den</td>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="lila">
<td>der</td>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
</table>








<p>Beispiel: <i>"Frau" (woman)</i>:</p>

<table border="1">
<colgroup >
</colgroup>
<tr class="gelb">
<td>Frau</td>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="blau">
<td>Frau</td>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="organge">
<td>Frau</td>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="lila">
<td>Frau</td>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
</table>







<table border="1">
<colgroup >
</colgroup>
<tr class="gelb">
<td>Frauen</td>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="blau">
<td>Frauen</td>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="organge">
<td>Frauen</td>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="lila">
<td>Frauen</td>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
</table>



<p>We now mark the noun with the group "die" and get <i>"die Frau"</i>.</p>



<table border="1">
<colgroup >
</colgroup>
<tr class="gelb">
<td>die Frau</td>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="blau">
<td>die Frau</td>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="organge">
<td>der Frau</td>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="lila">
<td>der Frau</td>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
</table>







<table border="1">
<colgroup >
</colgroup>
<tr class="gelb">
<td>die Frauen</td>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="blau">
<td>die Frauen</td>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="organge">
<td>den Frauen</td>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="lila">
<td>der Frauen</td>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
</table>




<p>
You find, that Genitiv Singular of
<i>die Frau </i> resembles Nominativ Singular of
<i>der Tag </i>: <i>der Frau</i> and<i> der Tag</i>.</p>



<p>Look closely, <i>der Tag</i> is Nominativ and
<i>der Frau</i> Genitiv. They look the same, but they are not of the same case. Why?
Because <i>Frau</i> has always got the group <i>die</i> attached. In this group <i>der</i> is never Nominativ, but
Dativ Singular or Genitiv Singular or Genitiv Plural.
</p>










<h1>3. Gruppe <i>"das"</i>:</h1>




<table border="1">
<colgroup >
</colgroup>
<tr class="gelb">
<td>das</td>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="blau">
<td>das</td>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="organge">
<td>dem</td>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="lila">
<td>des</td>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
</table>





<table border="1">
<colgroup >
</colgroup>
<tr class="gelb">
<td>die</td>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="blau">
<td>die</td>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="organge">
<td>den</td>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="lila">
<td>der</td>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
</table>







<p>Beispiel: <i>"Auto" (car)</i>:</p>




<table border="1">
<colgroup >
</colgroup>
<tr class="gelb">
<td>Auto</td>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="blau">
<td>Auto</td>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="organge">
<td>Auto</td>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="lila">
<td>Autos</td>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
</table>





<table border="1">
<colgroup >
</colgroup>
<tr class="gelb">
<td>Autos</td>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="blau">
<td>Autos</td>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="organge">
<td>Autos</td>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="lila">
<td>Autos</td>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
</table>




<p>We now mark the noun with the group "das" and get <i>"das Auto"</i>.</p>






<table border="1">
<colgroup >
</colgroup>
<tr class="gelb">
<td>das Auto</td>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="blau">
<td>das Auto</td>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="organge">
<td>dem Auto</td>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
<tr class="lila">
<td>des Autos</td>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>Singular </td>
</tr>
</table>





<table border="1">
<colgroup >
</colgroup>
<tr class="gelb">
<td>die Autos</td>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="blau">
<td>die Autos</td>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="organge">
<td>den Autos</td>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
<tr class="lila">
<td>der Autos</td>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>Plural </td>
</tr>
</table>

<p>Did you notice that the determiners of the plural have got the same forms in all three groups?</p>














<h1>All cases of the main determiner or Artikel (for learning purposes)</h1>


<p>Singular:</p>



<table border="1">
<colgroup >
</colgroup>
<tr class="gelb">
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td> der </td>
<td> die </td>
<td> das </td>
</tr>
<tr class="blau">
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td> den </td>
<td> die </td>
<td> das </td>
</tr>
<tr class="organge">
<td>Dativ</td>
<td> dem </td>
<td> der </td>
<td> dem </td>
</tr>
<tr class="lila">
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td> des </td>
<td> der </td>
<td> des </td>
</tr>
</table>




<p>Plural:</p>


<table border="1">
<colgroup >
</colgroup>
<tr class="gelb">
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td> die </td>
<td> die </td>
<td> die </td>
</tr>
<tr class="blau">
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td> die </td>
<td> die </td>
<td> die </td>
</tr>
<tr class="organge">
<td>Dativ</td>
<td> den </td>
<td> den </td>
<td> den </td>

</tr>
<tr class="lila">
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td> der </td>
<td> der </td>
<td> der </td>
</tr>

</table>

<p>
We find that the three groups (der, die, das)
are identical in the plural. The Singular forms you will have to all learn. You will find
that der Dativ and der Genitiv have the same forms in group 2.
The singlar forms of group 1 (der) are different
in all cases (der, den, dem, des). </p>



<p class="kaestchen">A different word for <i>"group of determiners"</i> is <i>Genus</i>.
This word is used in school and refers to the three Genera <i>m&auml;nnlich,
weiblich, s&auml;chlich</i> (masculine, feminine, neuter) (der, die, das). In German gender is grammatical, so even things will
have female or male gender, e.g. der Weg (the path), die Tür (the door). </p>


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