German gender - total declension of all noun genders - Deklination von Nomen im Maskulinum, Femininum, Neutrum
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Case - the bulk list

Declension of gender: Der, die, das

Der Genus - die Genera

Let's take a closer look at some nouns. The following list you have to learn very well.

Every noun has got only one fixed determiner. "Tag" (day) e.g. the determiner "der". In German determiner is called "der Artikel". This "Artikel" is also called Genus.

If we say that a word has got a specific "Artikel", we refer to the determiner of the subject case (Nominativ) in the singular. The "Nominativ" means denominative. That is the term we find in dictionaries, e.g. "Tag; der Tag; m.; Genitiv: des Tages; Nom. Plural: die Tage".

But we are scientists here. And because this is so important, we want to look at it completely. Being exact, we find that each noun is connected to not only one determiner, but one group. The three groups are "der, die, das". The first group we are going to cover is "der".

Die 1. Gruppe (1. group) "der":

der Nominativ Singular
den Akkusativ Singular
dem Dativ Singular
des Genitiv Singular
die Nominativ Plural
die Akkusativ Plural
den Dativ Plural
der Genitiv Plural

Kasus (case) von "Tag":

Tag Nominativ Singular
Tag Akkusativ Singular
Tag Dativ Singular
Tages Genitiv Singular
Tage Nominativ Plural
Tage Akkusativ Plural
Tagen Dativ Plural
Tage Genitiv Plural

We now mark the noun with the group and get "der Tag".

der Tag Nominativ Singular
den Tag Akkusativ Singular
dem Tag Dativ Singular
des Tages Genitiv Singular
die Tage Nominativ Plural
die Tage Akkusativ Plural
den Tagen Dativ Plural
der Tage Genitiv Plural

2. Gruppe (2. group) "die":

die Nominativ Singular
die Akkusativ Singular
der Dativ Singular
der Genitiv Singular
die Nominativ Plural
die Akkusativ Plural
den Dativ Plural
der Genitiv Plural

Beispiel: "Frau" (woman):

Frau Nominativ Singular
Frau Akkusativ Singular
Frau Dativ Singular
Frau Genitiv Singular
Frauen Nominativ Plural
Frauen Akkusativ Plural
Frauen Dativ Plural
Frauen Genitiv Plural

We now mark the noun with the group "die" and get "die Frau".

die Frau Nominativ Singular
die Frau Akkusativ Singular
der Frau Dativ Singular
der Frau Genitiv Singular
die Frauen Nominativ Plural
die Frauen Akkusativ Plural
den Frauen Dativ Plural
der Frauen Genitiv Plural

You find, that Genitiv Singular of die Frau resembles Nominativ Singular of der Tag : der Frau and der Tag.

Look closely, der Tag is Nominativ and der Frau Genitiv. They look the same, but they are not of the same case. Why? Because Frau has always got the group die attached. In this group der is never Nominativ, but Dativ Singular or Genitiv Singular or Genitiv Plural.

3. Gruppe "das":

das Nominativ Singular
das Akkusativ Singular
dem Dativ Singular
des Genitiv Singular
die Nominativ Plural
die Akkusativ Plural
den Dativ Plural
der Genitiv Plural

Beispiel: "Auto" (car):

Auto Nominativ Singular
Auto Akkusativ Singular
Auto Dativ Singular
Autos Genitiv Singular
Autos Nominativ Plural
Autos Akkusativ Plural
Autos Dativ Plural
Autos Genitiv Plural

We now mark the noun with the group "das" and get "das Auto".

das Auto Nominativ Singular
das Auto Akkusativ Singular
dem Auto Dativ Singular
des Autos Genitiv Singular
die Autos Nominativ Plural
die Autos Akkusativ Plural
den Autos Dativ Plural
der Autos Genitiv Plural

Did you notice that the determiners of the plural have got the same forms in all three groups?

All cases of the main determiner or Artikel (for learning purposes)

Singular:

Nominativ der die das
Akkusativ den die das
Dativ dem der dem
Genitiv des der des

Plural:

Nominativ die die die
Akkusativ die die die
Dativ den den den
Genitiv der der der

We find that the three groups (der, die, das) are identical in the plural. The Singular forms you will have to all learn. You will find that der Dativ and der Genitiv have the same forms in group 2. The singlar forms of group 1 (der) are different in all cases (der, den, dem, des).

A different word for "group of determiners" is Genus. This word is used in school and refers to the three Genera männlich, weiblich, sächlich (masculine, feminine, neuter) (der, die, das). In German gender is grammatical, so even things will have female or male gender, e.g. der Weg (the path), die Tür (the door).


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