German course -part 1a - German-online, learn free - case - nominative - what is that?
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--><!-- German course -part 1a - German-online, quick, easy and direct - Intro - nomination - case in general - nominative case - what is that ? -->



<h1 itemprop="headline">German course - part 1a - nomination</h1>
<h2 itemprop="headline">Learn German right here online, quick, easy and direct - Intro - nominative - case in general - nominative case - what is that?</h2>

<p>

Fact is German does indeed contain many aspects of
grammar that are redundant or less important.
Giving each aspect equal focus seems
as it were a methodological mistake. One
field of German grammar has very high priority
though: <i>case</i>.
It is so important because it is a
prerequisite in order to understand all the other
structures of German. And this is
exactly where many other courses don't
lay the foundation that the student actually
needs, but then how should he or she know about its value?
</p>

<table>
<tr>
<td style="background-color:#FFFFFF;"><img src="../images/Kinder.png" width="320" height="320" alt=""></td>
<td style="background-color:#FFFFFF;"><img src="../images/die-Stuehle.png" width="320" height="320" alt=""></td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td style="background-color:#FFFFFF;"><img src="../images/der-Tisch.png" width="320" height="320" alt=""></td>
<td style="background-color:#FFFFFF;"><img src="../images/die_kladde.png" width="320" height="320" alt=""></td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td style="background-color:#FFFFFF;"><img src="../images/der_computer.png" width="320" height="320" alt=""></td>
<td style="background-color:#FFFFFF;"><img src="../images/das_Fahrrad.png" width="320" height="320" alt=""></td>
</tr>
</table>


<h1>The texture of meaning: nouns and case</h1>

<p>


many people believe that to learn a language you just have to learn certain
standard phrases and be done. If that's what
you wish, I respect that. But if you want to really master German, you have to focus on grammar.
After all grammar is not a set of boring rules. It is in fact
the foundation and the secret plan of language, any language.
You will see that grammar is not an abstract system, but can help you understand better.
</p>


<p>
What is language? Language is systematization of words. Mainly words consist of nouns and verbs,
<em>nouns are the most important category.</em>
The reason is simple. When you think of a noun, you automatically imagine an action that might
be happening to it. Try to think of a person that you know.
In your thoughts, what is he or she doing? There is always an action, isn't it so? When you refer to objects
(things) you will find that they have a context
because nothing on this planet is isolated and detached, absolute, one might also say. Take the
context as the verb, the "action". Whereas you cannot imagine an action taking place without the noun that performs the action.
Action is therefore dependent on the noun and not vice versa. If you want to be exact, the noun and the verb form a single unit. But for
grammatical or analytical purposes we have to keep noun and verb apart.
</p>
<p style="clear:both;">
So the noun stands out as one of the first constituent components of a sentence. In order to facilitate
refering grammar we ought to define how we are going to use the term
<i>noun</i>. See the German
<a href="http://www.primitivecode.com/index.php?topic=-Wesentliche+Grammatik-Kasus-Deutsche+Grammatik-#Nomen">
definition here.</a>



<H3 id="Noun">What exactly is a noun?</H3>

<p style="font-size:80%; line-height:1.1">
<I>
<EM>
You can understand the significance of nouns by regarding them
as objects or rather as metaphors pertaining to objects which you
have to imagine without motion, time and space. Motion and time are
are outlined by verbs (<a href="https://www.britannica.com/topic/tense" target="_blank">tense</a>).
Usually objects "engage" in some kind of "activity". They fly, swim or simply lie somewhere. In fact
they have an impact on the surroundings. The computer doesn't know it's standing on my table. We human
beings create meaning. But must we emphasize its standing? I can also look at the computer in isolation,
as if it were cut out of the picture. This is what we call abstraction. Abstraction is something you can
increase. I can talk about my computer or about computers in general. Love is an abstract feeling. The
word "feeling" is even more abstract, because it pertains to all feeling, like anger or sorrow.
Our thoughts are always an abstraction, as there exists nothing - as far as can be observed - independently, existing in
separation of the other. Something isolated, singular, essential exists solely in our mind. This is how abstraction is
a reduction of reality in terms of essential fragments.
Everything is intertwined. There are actually no fragments, no essential quality. We human beings have the capability
of thinking rationally, that is to reduce the world into pieces. The world is too complex for us to understand, though
we still think we might. We know that the butterfly's wing can cause a tornado, we know there's the atom, and by now, we
have found that on a lower plane there are even smaller particles. Perhaps in a speck of dust that we carelessly
brush aside there are endless worlds and planes. Who knows? We human beings write dictionaries and we categorize the
world, big, small, black, white, but that is so, because this separation is important to us not the universe. For children
there are little picture books. Inside you find images of everthing which is important for children, emphasized through
colourful contrast. The tree, the mother, the spoon, the dog, the cat, the apple, etc. This is something essentially human.

</EM>
</I>



</p>


<h4>Let's look at a simple sentence:</h4>



<p>
<i>John is writing a letter.</i>
John is the one who is performing the action. The primary
constituent being John, he
is the carrier of the main information that we want to communicate. In
English you can't exchange this order, or if you did, the sentence
wouldn't make sense anymore. <i>The letter is writing John</i>. (?)
But in German this is possible because there
exists case to support the significance of word order:
</p>


<p>
John schreibt einen Brief.
<br>
Einen Brief schreibt John.
</p>









<div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/ImageObject" class="schema_image" id="letter">
<img src="../images/letter.png" width="799" height="537" alt="John is writing a letter. John schreib einen Brief." title="John is writing a letter. John schreib einen Brief." >
<span itemprop="name">A beautiful letter</span>
<span>,&nbsp; </span>
<span itemprop="educationalUse">depiction</span>
<span>&nbsp; (</span>
<span itemprop="inLanguage">en</span>
<span>,</span>
<span itemprop="width">889</span>
<span>&nbsp; </span>
<span>x</span>
<span>&nbsp; </span>
<span itemprop="height">597</span>
<span>):&nbsp; </span>
<span itemprop="description">John (or was it Lilly?) writes a letter to the world.</span>
<span>&nbsp; Keywords:</span>
<span itemprop="keywords">&nbsp; Letter, poem, wisdom</span>
</div>





<p style="clear:both;">

Both variants are correct German (and logical). The second sentence differs from the first
in that it stresses the role of the letter in the statement.
But usually (in all languages) the nominative noun, being the pith of a sentence,
protrudes at the beginning of a sentence, and this, too, in German. The
second German sentence is not wrong, only awkward, meaning that the speaker has a certain
intention to convey by exchanging the usual order.
The main constituent noun (the performer of the action) is called in German <i>Nominativ</i>.
In English there exist only remnants of case with the pronouns, like <i>he</i> (Nominativ) and <i>him</i> (Akkusativ),
<i>she</i> and <i>her</i>, <i>we</i> and <i>us</i>, <i>they</i> and <i>them</i>, <i>I</i> and <i>me</i>. The
<i>Akkusativ</i> is a secondary constituent, it can be regarded as a context, too, but we shall elaborate on this later in more detail.
Fact is that this constituent (the letter) doesn't <i>do</i> anything or perform an action.
For now we will take a look at the most important case, the nominative case, which points to the existence of a noun.
The nominative (John) is the vessel of the whole of significance of this utterance or information.
</p>



<div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/ImageObject" class="schema_image">


<p itemprop="description">
<i>The greatest part of case is marked by the determiner (der, die, das / ein, eine, ein). So that is why
determiners are very important in German.
<a itemprop="thumbnailUrl" href="../images/thumbnails/rule_case_determiner_thumbnail.png">&nbsp;</a>
</i>
</p>



<img src="../images/rule_case_determiner.png" width="799" height="533" alt="" >

<span itemprop="name">Wallboard</span>
<span>,&nbsp; </span>
<span itemprop="educationalUse">depiction</span>
<span>&nbsp; (</span>
<span itemprop="inLanguage">en</span>
<span>,</span>
<span itemprop="width">800</span>
<span>&nbsp; </span>
<span>x</span>
<span>&nbsp; </span>
<span itemprop="height">533</span>
<span>):&nbsp; </span>
<span itemprop="keywords">case, gender, declension, determiners, German</span>


</div>













<p style="clear:both;">
You don't have to learn this table (now),
just take a look:</p>

<table>

<tr>
<th>Case</th>
<th>der Brief (the letter)</th>
</tr>

<tr>
<th colspan="2">Singular</th>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>der Brief</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>den Brief</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>dem Brief</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>des Briefes</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<th colspan="2">Plural</th>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>die Briefe</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>die Briefe</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>den Briefen</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>der Briefe</td>
</tr>

</table>


<table>

<tr>
<th>Case</th>
<th>ein Brief (a letter)</th>
</tr>

<tr>
<th colspan="2">Singular</th>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>ein Brief</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>einen Brief</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>einem Brief</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>eines Briefes</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<th colspan="2">Plural</th>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>Nominativ</td>
<td>Briefe</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>Akkusativ</td>
<td>Briefe</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>Dativ</td>
<td>Briefen</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td>Genitiv</td>
<td>Briefe</td>
</tr>

</table>

<br>

<a href="http://www.primitivecode.com/index.php?topic=-German+course-part+1b-learn-German-online-quick-easy-grammar-the-accusative-case-der-Akkusativ">
&gt;&gt; continue</a>

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